For those of you out there constantly on the move, I would like to introduce you to the Functional Movement Screen (FMS). If you haven't already heard of the FMS its something with which you should be familiar. Whether you're an aspiring athlete or well established one, the FMS is the gold standard for assessing quality movement. Since being introduced back in 1997 by Gray Cook, a well-known name in the physical therapy world, it has become the one tool used to screen for potential injury in active people.
So what is the FMS then? Simple, the FMS is a series of 7 movements that combine strength, stability, and flexibility. With movements like the overhead squat and inline squat patients are required to stabilize numerous joints and segments in order to achieve whole body movements. The inability to achieve these movements, some or all, allows the physician to predict the likeliness of injury in the athlete going forward. The test is scored on a 0-4 scale for every movement: 3 points for full movement as described. 2 points for limited, mild difficulty, achievement of the motion described. 1 point for inability or moderate to severe difficulty achieving the movement. 0 points are awarded if pain is experienced at any point during the movement. It's important to understand that the FMS is not designed to elicit painful movement
It's important to understand that the FMS is not designed to elicit painful movement. If at any point during the FMS you experience pain the FMS should be stopped and done at a later date when the painful movement has been remedied. When painful movement is present it is important you find a healthcare professional for a Selective functional movement assessment (SFMA). The SFMA is better designed for painful movements. It's structured so that the pain can be isolated and identified. But the SFMA is another topic for another day.
So if your concerned about yourself or even your children experiencing injury due to your activities the first step is to get your movement screened for dysfunctional movement. After we know how well or poorly you move we can provide exercises that will help to prehab your movement that will help to prevent those silly, inconvenient injuries that never seem to go away.